THE TEMPIO CAPITOLINO AND PIAZZA DEL FORO

 

 

The remains of Piazza del Foro and the Tempio Capitolino are in the centre of Brescia.

Piazza del Foro
was a meeting
place, where dealers and
craftsmen used to
exchange
their goods;
here you can find two of the
most important streets
of the Roman city:
the Decumanus Maximus -
now called Via dei Musei -
and the Cardus -
today via Agostino Gallo.
These Roman streets
are situated below street
level. In this square
there are various buildings,
for example Palazzo
Martinengo, under which
there are the remains of
a Roman shop.

To the north of this square there is the Tempio Capitolino, which was built in 73 A.D. by emperor Vespasiano on the Santuario Repubblicano of the first century A.D.

In this Temple Jove, Juno and Minerva, the Capitoline Triad, were worshipped.

You can walk into the temple through two flights of stairs.

The second flight leads to the front of the temple, costituited of six fluted columns and Corinthian capitals of which only four have been rebuilt.

The columns are made of white marble parts- the original parts-and of darker brick parts, which were rebuilt on the pediment.

On the Triangular part standing above the columns, there is the inscription dedicated to its founder, emperor Vespasian. Finally the temple is divided into three cells, all of which dedicated to one of the three divinities.

The remains of Roman Brescia, buried under the debris and the landslides coming from the Cidneo hill, were found thanks to the only column preserved intact. In 1800 a piece of the column was found sticking out of a garden lawn. So the Local Council decided to dig it out and they found the ruins of a Roman city. The heart of Brescia was formed by the Temple, the Square and the Theatre close to the temple.

 

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